Who can Suffer from Gum Disease

Who can Suffer from Gum Disease

Gum disease can affect anyone at any age at any gender. Some people are more at risk of developing gum disease. Around 90% of people will have gum disease at some point in their lives.

Partial Denture Wearers
The remaining teeth should be cleaned thoroughly. Partial denture wearers need to ensure that they also clean the dentures meticulously. The surface material of a partial denture, combined with the warmth of the mouth, can be ideal environment for plaque microorganisms to multiply. Researches show that removable partial dentures can cause an increase in the accumulation of plaque bacteria that could lead to the progression of gum disease.

Anyone can be affected with gum disease.

Anyone can be affected with gum disease.

Older people
Survey indicates that older people have the highest rates of periodontal disease; therefore they need to do even more to maintain gum health. The immune system of older people becomes less efficient and decreased immunity can contribute to gum disease.

Family History of Gum Problems
A family history of periodontal disease can increase the likelihood of gum problems. Parents with poor gum health are more likely to have children with poor gum health. Additionally, some people are genetically more susceptible than others to severe gum disease.

Smokers
The gums smokers are more susceptible to infection because smoking and tobacco use causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so reducing the blood flow and nutrients to the gum tissues. This weakens the body’s defense mechanism, making the gums more susceptible to infection.

Smokers are prone to gum disease.

Smokers are prone to gum disease.

Medications
Many medications can reduce the flow of saliva, which can increase the vulnerability to infections like gum disease. Other medications can cause overgrowth of the gums, which can make it difficult to keep gums clean.

Diabetes
When someone is suffering from diabetes, the blood vessel structure is altered. This may cause a reduction in the efficiency of the blood flow which in turn may weaken the gums and bone, leaving them more prone to infections.

Pregnancy
Gums are often much more sensitive and more susceptible to bleeding during pregnancy and existing gum disease can become more severe due to changes in hormones.

Braces
Orthodontic patients are more susceptible to gum disease. Dental braces can cause an increase in the accumulation of plaque bacteria, therefore patients with braces need to do even more to maintain their gum health.

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Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum disease is described as the swelling, soreness or infection of the gum tissue. It is usually caused by plaque.

Plaque is a sticky layer that collects on the surface of your teeth and gums and is made up of bacteria. If plaque is allowed to build up on teeth, the bacteria can irritate the gums and cause inflammation. When plaque hardens it forms a layer called calculus.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. Gums become red and swollen. There is usually little pain. Looking after your teeth and gums better can help protect against gingivitis by helping maintain healthy gums.

Periodontitis

Periodontitis

Mild Periodontitis

Untreated gingivitis may lead to periodontitis. As plaque spreads and grows below gumline, the tissues and bone that support your teeth can be broken down and resorbed. This can cause your teeth to become separated from your gums creating space which can be infected.

Advanced Periodontitis

If periodontitis is not treated, your teeth may become loose and have to be removed or they may fall out on their own. Gum disease is a major cause of tooth loss. Once gum disease gets to this stage, it can be reversed but your can help to prevent it from getting any worse with the help of your dentist and by improving the way you take care of your teeth and gums.

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